Average GMAT Scores: Where Do You Rank?

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Every year, the Graduate Management Admission Council (GMAC) takes a close look at everyone’s GMAT scores. They find the average GMAT score for all test takers, plus they calculate mean scores by different demographics, like gender and region of citizenship. All of this number crunching helps GMAC see trends in scores over time and ensure that the GMAT is a valid test for people across the world.

Read on to learn how everyone does on the GMAT and to see whether your scores are competitive. You’ll also find data on the average GMAT scores of accepted students at almost 50 business schools!

Let’s start with the most recent data we have on GMAT scores for all test takers. What is the average GMAT score?

 

Average GMAT Score for All Test Takers

In 2016, the average GMAT score was 558. This average was taken across all 261,248 test-takers worldwide, as reported in GMAC’s 2016 Data to Go Report Series.

The average GMAT scores by section are based on a sample of over 750,000 individuals who took the GMAT between 2013 and 2015. 

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Mean Total Score 558
Mean AWA Score 4.37
Mean Integrated Reasoning Score 4.23
Mean Quantitative Score 38.9
Mean Verbal Score 26.8
Total Test Takers 261,248

You might be surprised to see that average Quantitative scores are a lot higher than average Verbal scores. Math scores have gone up over time, perhaps as more and more student from math-proficient countries across the world take the GMAT.

As the test becomes more international, students have especially strong math skills but weaker verbal skills, since English may not be their native language. As a result of this trend, you’ll find that it’s now harder to rank in a high percentile for Quantitative than it is for Verbal.

We’ll discuss trends in average GMAT scores over time in more detail below, but first, let’s take a look at the GMAT average score by gender and region of citizenship.

 

In the past few years, average Verbal scores have been a lot lower than average math scores.
In the past few years, average Verbal scores have been a lot lower than average math scores.

 

Average GMAT Score by Gender

The most recent data we have on average GMAT scores by gender also comes from GMAC’s 2013 Profile of GMAT Candidates Executive Summary. This chart shows the GMAT average scores for men and women for testing year 2013. 

Men Women
Number 137,020 101,336
Total Score 555 534
Percentage 57.50% 42.50%

Overall, more men take the GMAT than women, and they also average higher total scores.

In addition to finding mean scores by gender, GMAC also analyzes data by region of citizenship. The chart below shows GMAT average scores by region for 2016.

 

Average GMAT Scores by Citizenship Region

To give you a sense of testing trends in your region of citizenship, GMAC crunched the numbers for Africa, East and Southeast Asia, the Middle East, and other regions across the world. This chart shows the GMAT average scores by region for testing year 2016.

Region of Citizenship Average Total Score Number of Tests
Africa 458 5,268
Australia & Pacific Islands 610 1,018
Canada 574 6,641
Central & South Asia 570 36,108
East & Southeast Asia 576 88,802
Eastern Europe 565 4,704
Mexico, Caribbean, & Latin America 549 8,753
Middle East 436 7,406
United States 547 83,410
Western Europe 566 19,138

Some regions average higher than the worldwide mean of 558, while some fall lower. The Australia & Pacific Islands area takes the prize for highest GMAT score averages, with a whopping 610! (Note it also had the lowest number of exams taken, so the students coming from this region may be especially well prepared.)

If you’re interested in average GMAT scores by each individual country, you can find this data in GMAC’s official report.

Have average GMAT scores always looked like this? Read on to see how scores have shifted over the years.

 

Wherever you are in the world, you can compare your GMAT scores to other people's from your country or citizenship region.
Wherever you are in the world, you can compare your GMAT scores to other people’s from your country or citizenship region.

 

How Have Average GMAT Scores Changed Over Time?

Has the GMAT average score increased, decreased, or stayed the same over time? To answer this question, consider the chart below showing the average total scores worldwide from 2012 to 2016.

TY 2012 TY 2013 TY 2014 TY 2015 TY 2016
Total Test Takers 286,529 238,356 243,529 247,432 261,248
Mean Total Score 548 546 550 554 558

For the most part, average GMAT scores have increased over time. This increase in average total scores likely reflects the overall increase in Quantitative scores.

As mentioned above, there are more excellent math scores on the GMAT than ever before. As a result, you need a higher score to rank in a high percentile for the Quantitative section today than you did in years past.

Besides making percentile rankings more competitive, does this trend in average scores affect what scores you need to get into business school?

 

Average GMAT scores have been steadily growing over the years.
For the most part, average GMAT scores have been steadily growing over the years.

 

What Is the Average GMAT Score for Business School?

For the most part, the average GMAT scores of students who are accepted to business school tend to be higher than the average scores across the world or by citizenship region. In fact, the average worldwide score of 558 is on the low side for many business schools.

So, what scores do you need to get in? That all depends on where you’re applying. Top schools tend to expect scores over 700, while less selective schools leave more wiggle room.

Let’s consider the GMAT average scores of accepted students at almost 50 business schools, some that are highly selective and others that are less so.

Business School Average GMAT Score of Accepted Students
Arizona State (Carey) 682
Boston University 682
BYU (Marriott) 667
Carnegie Mellon (Tepper) 690
Cleveland State University 50th percentile required if GPA <2.75
Columbia University 717
Cornell University (Johnson) 700
Dartmouth College (Tuck) 717
Duke University (Fuqua) 696
Florida (Hough) 685
Georgetown (McDonough) 691
Georgia (Terry) 647
Harvard University 730 (median)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Sloan) 710 (median)
Michigan State (Broad) 670
Minnesota (Carlson) 690 (median)
New York University (Stern) 720
Nicholls State 478
Northwestern University (Kellogg) 724
Notre Dame (Mendoza) 690
Ohio State (Fisher) 671
Penn State (Smeal) 659
Pittsburgh (Katz) 613
Purdue (Krannert) 640
Quinnipiac College 500
Rice (Jones) 690
Southern California (Marshall) 692
Southern Methodist (Cox) 662
Stanford University (CA) 737
Suffolk University 540
Temple (Fox) 640
Texas A&M (Mays) 654
Texas-Austin (McCombs) 700
UC-Irvine (Merage) 678
UCLA (Anderson) 735
University of California—Berkeley (Haas) 715
University of Chicago (Booth) 750
University of Michigan Ann Arbor (Ross) 702
University of North Carolina (Kenan-Flagler) 710 (median)
University of Pennsylvania (Wharton) 730
University of Southern Mississippi 504
University of Virginia (Darden) 706
Vanderbilt (Owen) 691
Washington (Foster) 691
Wisconsin-Madison 669
Yale University 730 (median)

The most selective business schools have an average GMAT score of about 720, but less selective ones accept students with scores in the 500s or 600s. You can also find a few, like Nicholls State, that will accept students with GMAT scores in the 400s, but you may have to balance out a lower than average GMAT score with a higher than average undergraduate GPA.

Remember, all of these scores are just averages, meaning some students got in with lower scores and some students had higher. In addition to your GMAT scores, your essays, recommendation letters, academic records, and work experience are also important parts of your application.

When setting a goal for the GMAT, it’s more important to find the average scores of accepted students at business schools than average GMAT scores overall. If you’re applying to a school that’s not on this list, how can you find the average GMAT score of accepted students?


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By researching average GMAT scores of accepted students, you can figure out what scores will improve your chances of acceptance.

 

How to Find Average GMAT Scores for Business Schools

Most schools publish data on the GMAT average score of accepted students every year. You should be able to find this information in the admissions section of the school’s website. You can search around the school website or use a search engine to look for, “school name + average GMAT score.”

If you can’t find this information, then you should feel free to call up or email the admissions office of the school. While they probably won’t give you a score cutoff, they should be able to tell you the average GMAT scores of students who got in last year.

By doing this research, you can set specific goals for your own GMAT section and total scores. Then, you can start preparing to meet those goals and make your business school application the strongest it can be.

In closing, what can you take away from all this data on average GMAT scores? Let’s go over some final thoughts about average GMAT scores and how they can help you evaluate your own GMAT performance.

 

Don't be afraid to call up an admissions office to get all your questions answered.
Don’t be afraid to call up an admissions office to get all your questions answered.

 

What Is the Average GMAT Score? Final Thoughts

GMAC analyzes the huge collection of GMAT data every year to calculate average scores for all test takers. By looking at average scores, you can gain a sense of how competitive your own scores are compared to those of other prospective business school students.

At the same time, you should be more concerned with the average scores of students who have been accepted to business schools that you’re interested in. For the most part, business programs want scores that are higher than the worldwide or national average.

In fact, the global average of 558 is quite low for many business school programs and would likely eliminate your application from consideration to the most selective business schools in the country and world.

When setting your own target GMAT scores, you should emphasize average scores from business schools, rather than the GMAT average score from the Graduate Management Admission Council. That way, you can figure out what you need to score and work towards achieving competitive GMAT scores.

 

What’s Next?

Now you know all about average GMAT scores, but do you know how the test is scored? Check out this GMAT scoring guide to learn everything you need to know.

In addition to section and total scores, you’ll also get a percentile ranking. Head over to our GMAT percentile guide to learn what this ranking means and how section and total GMAT scores correspond to percentiles.

Have you decided on a GMAT test date yet? Check out this full guide to choosing a GMAT test date and time that will help you do your best.


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Author: Rebecca Safier

Rebecca graduated with her Master's in Adolescent Counseling from the Harvard Graduate School of Education. She has years of teaching and college counseling experience and is passionate about helping students achieve their goals and improve their well-being. She graduated magna cum laude from Tufts University.

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